Employment Prospects in the UK 

 

Employment Prospects in the UK

Want to work while you’re in the UK? Here’s how.

By choosing the UK, you will have opportunities to develop important workplace skills and your ability to think independently, which will significantly increase your chances of employment.

During your studies

You can work part-time, volunteer or complete a work placement or sandwich course during your time in the UK, all of which are valuable work-based experiences that can provide an edge and build your resume. Working part-time while you are studying also can be a great way to help with the cost of living in the UK.

Most universities and educational institutions in the UK have a dedicated careers center that can advise students on all aspects of gaining employment during and after their studies.

For holder of a Tier 4 (general) or a Tier 4 (child) visa, you can work during your studies and holidays if you:

  • are studying at a publicly-funded higher education institution
  • are studying a short-term study abroad program with an overseas higher education institution
  • are over 16
  • are studying a course at NQF level 6 (degree level) and above

However, there may be limits on the type of work you can do and your working hours.

You must not work if your passport sticker or identity card says ‘No Work’ or ‘Work Prohibited’, as you will breach your immigration conditions, which is against the law in the UK.

  1. Part Time Work

Students who study more than six (6) months in the UK will be granted permission to seek part-time job for maximum of 20 hours per week during the school term and full time during holiday periods for the Bachelor or Master program.

The salary earned during part time work is around GBP 6 per hour; for the evening working hours (night shift) will get more than GBP 8 per hour.

Working after you graduate

If you want to stay and work in the UK after you finish your study, you’ll need to get a new visa first, or apply for a visa extension.

The three most common work visas available to international students are the Tier 1 (Graduate Entrepreneur), Tier 2 (General) and Tier 5 (Temporary Worker).

Job Opportunities

There are a number of undergraduate programs at several universities in the UK that can give you the option to do a one-year work internship in your third year of study known as a sandwich year. You may have the option to undertake a one-year paid work placement after the 2nd year of study. Some overseas universities are among the best in the world. Many provide degrees with a strong vocational focus and enjoy good connections with business and industry.

Some UK universities also offers sandwich courses. A sandwich course is a four-year bachelor’s degree course in which students undertake a placement year in industry, normally after the second year at university. With a sandwich course, students will have the opportunity to explore their career path, make new business contacts for the future and prepare themselves for their final year at University.

Employment prospects in the UK

 

Want to work while you’re in the UK? Here’s how.

Working part-time while you are studying can be a great way to help with the cost of living in the UK and also gain work experience in your field of study.

If you have a Tier 4 (general) or a Tier 4 (child) visa, you can work during your studies and holidays if you:

  • are studying at a publicly-funded higher education institution
  • are studying a short-term study abroad program with an overseas higher education institution
  • are over 16
  • are studying a course at NQF level 6 (degree level) and above

However, there may be limits on the type of work you can do and your working hours. Most students can work upto 20 hours a week and full-time during holidays. To find out more, visit the UK Council for International Student Affairs (UKCISA) website.

You must not work if your passport sticker or identity card says ‘No Work’ or ‘Work Prohibited’, as you will breach your immigration conditions, which is against the law in the UK.

Finding part-time jobs in the UK

  • You can find part-time jobs in your campus or off-campus
  • The best way to get a job on campus is to regularly check your placement centre’s notice board or staying in touch with the concerned authority for openings
  • On-campus work opportunities include administrative jobs, at the cafeteria or as teaching assistant
  • For off-campus jobs, look for vacancies online on portals like StudentJob, Employment 4 Student, Careers Group London, etc.
  • Look out for jobs in hospitality and retail industry, they are usually available in abundance
  • You can also work as a tutor if you are a student with any existing qualification or expertise

Working after you graduate

If you want to stay and work in the UK after you finish your study, you’ll need to get a new visa first, or apply for a visa extension.

The three most common visas available to international students are the Tier 1 (Graduate Entrepreneur), Tier 2 (General) and Tier 5 (Temporary Worker). You can find out whether you’re eligible for one of these visas – and how to apply – on the UK Government website.

 

By studying in the UK, you will have opportunities to develop important workplace skills and your ability to think independently, which will significantly increase your chances of employment.

English is the international language of business, science and technology. By studying and living in the UK, the home of English, you will be immersed in the language and have the opportunity to improve your communication skills (of course, this takes practice and hard work!)

Many professional bodies and employers may require evidence of your English language skills. As a proud co-owner of IELTS (International English Language Testing System) IDP Education will be able to help you find a test centre.

During your studies

You can work part-time, volunteer or complete a work placement or sandwich course during your time in the UK, all of which are valuable work-based experiences that can provide an edge and build your résumé.

Most universities and educational institutions in the UK have a dedicated careers centre that can advise students on all aspects of gaining employment during and after their studies.

For information on employment prospects and career tips and advice visit www.educationuk.org

 

 

 

After graduation

Many international students want to stay in the UK after they graduate and put the skills they have learnt into practice. Students may be able to extend their stay if they meet the requirements for the schemes that the UK Government operates.

The schemes that are most significant for students who have finished their studies include the following.

Tier 1 (Graduate Entrepreneur) Aimed at recent graduates and postdoctoral researchers who have Tier 2 immigration permission, who have “genuine and credible business ideas and entrepreneurial skills” and whose UK college or university is prepared to endorse them under this scheme to help them develop these ideas.

Tier 1 (Entrepreneur)This requires the student to invest in a business in the UK. The student doesn’t need a sponsor or an endorsing body.

Tier 2The main route if the student would like to take up employment. The lowest wage for this scheme is £20,800, but this depends on the job and the wage can be higher. In most cases, employers are not required to show that they advertised the job and that no one else could do it (resident labour market test) before they can offer it to the student.

Tier 5 (Temporary Worker)These schemes allow students to undertake specific types of work in the UK for a period of one or two years, depending on the scheme. They must have a Tier 5 sponsor under the scheme of relevance to the student. The student’s Tier 5 sponsor must issue a certificate of sponsorship to them before they can make their immigration application.

Tier 4 Doctorate Extension SchemeThis allows a new PhD graduate to spend one year in the UK after their studies to undertake employment or self-employment. The student must apply before they finish their doctorate.

Getting a job offer is just one step of many towards getting a work permit

(Keystone)
Like in the US or UK, Swiss immigration regulations restrict non-European graduates from embarking on a professional career in the country. However, recent developments give them a fighting chance.

Foreign nationals holding a degree from a Swiss university and wanting to find work in the Alpine nation got some help from the law in 2011. An amendment to the Foreign Nationals Act came into effect that allows them to remain in the country and look for a job for up to six months following their studies. The law puts these graduates on the same footing as their Swiss counterparts when applying for a job that is “of high academic or economic interest”external link.

During that six-month period, graduates can work for up to 15 hours each week and must show they have housing and sufficient financial resources. The six-month limit for finding a job does not affect EU/EFTA nationals, who benefit from freedom of movement under bilateral agreements.

International students in the UK are also constrained by immigration laws. Between 2008 and 2012, it was possible for non-UK/EU students to stay in the UK for up to two years after graduation without necessarily having to work. Since then, however, the rules have changed. International students can work full time on their student Tier 4 visaexternal link after their final term, but only until it expires, which usually adds up to only four months.

The reduced grace period has made it harder for international students to access work in the UK after their studies. Despite this difficulty, it is still possible to find employment, although planning ahead is essential.

For international students in the U.S, immigration status is also probably one of the biggest issues determining employment chances, and that’s affecting some students’ thoughts on whether studying there is worth the trouble. One report notedexternal link a 21% drop in the number of Indian computer science and engineering graduate-level enrollments, perhaps out of concernsexternal link about the Trump Administration’s stance on immigration and the availability of visas. These concerns are echoed by some college administratorsexternal link.

But for students who do study in the U.S., employment is a big challenge. We already covered part-time work during studies, and those restrictions carry-over for recent grads. Many studentsexternal link, especially those from India and China, are workingexternal link in the U.S. by way of a federal training program: OPTexternal link. This program allows a student 12 months of training after a degree, which can be extended another 24 months for graduates in STEM fields. (science, technology, engineering, and math) One analysisexternal link showed three-quarters of OPT students came from Asia, with 30% coming from India. OPT is just a training program, though, and there have been past reportsexternal link of low pay and long hours, because it’s not considered employment, per se.

Is part-time work viable while studying at a Swiss university?
We compare the potential for part-time work in Switzerland with the US and UK.

Regulations on how to get a work permit are considerably tighter than for most Europeans and are often directly tied to employment. Getting a job offer is just one step of many towards getting a permit. A third state national can take a job in Switzerland only if a person cannot be hired from within the Swiss labour market or an EU/EFTA state. Employers must show that they made “intensive efforts” to find a Swiss, EU/EFTA citizen or any foreign national already in Switzerland with a permit to work. Moreover, employers must show why those with priority who applied were not suitable for the job.

Those with the best chances of being granted a permit include managers, specialists and other highly qualified people, meaning those with university degrees and professional experience. Applicants may also be required to know one of the official languages (German, French and Italian).

Joint ventures, temporary teaching positions, managerial or specialist transfers, highly qualified scientists, or certain jobs involving art and culture, among others, can also obtain work permits under special circumstances.

The most common way to stay in the UK after your studies is to apply for a Tier 2 visaexternal link, which allows you to live and work in the UK for five years. To qualify, you will need to secure a job offer from an employer who can act as sponsor (there are about 30’000 companies registered as Tier 2 sponsors) with a minimum starting salary of £20’800 or CHF27,103 (this figure could be higher depending on the type of work you will be doing).

 

You have your Swiss degree – now what?
How do foreign graduates from Swiss universities find jobs? Fungai Mettler from Zimbabwe gives tips on attracting employers’ attention.

By Fungai Mettler
Employers must also meet certain conditions. For instance, they will need to demonstrate to UK Visa and Immigration that they have made every effort to find a suitable UK/EU candidate for the job before making an offer to an international candidate. Not all employers have the resources or infrastructure in place to do this, which is why it is more common for larger organizations to offer jobs to international candidates rather than smaller ones.

In short, it can be tricky for international students to get a foot in the door. Yet according to a survey made by Debutexternal link, a student careers website, 72% of the 800 companies surveyed expressed a willingness to sponsor international candidates and 86% believed it was important to hire international talent to improve their company’s performance.

Students in the US hoping for longer-term employment, with the benefits and salary connected to it, would need to try for a visa, like the H-1Bexternal link. But that is highly competitive, and involves a lottery systemexternal link that leaves many people out in the cold. Students would also need to find an employer to sponsor their work in the country, and that can be hard to do when the chances of staying are determined by a lottery. There are tipsexternal link for students hoping to find a sponsor in a given field of expertise, like targeting requests to internationally-friendly companies, but know it’s a difficult road.

As with just about every aspect of studying abroad, universities like the University of Pennsylvaniaexternal link advise students to start with their visa, work, and future planning early. There are many variables to consider, and the more time you have to work them out or change course, the better.

Starting salaries
In Switzerland, holders of a bachelor’s degree can expect to earnexternal link about 40% more, and graduates with a master’s or doctorate close to 70% more, than a person with a secondary school certificate. For exact figures, check the Federal Statistical Office’s online salary calculatorexternal link, which shows the median gross salaries for various sectors and job positions in different parts of the country.

As far as the UK is concerned, the total median salary upon graduation in 2016/17 was £21,000, according to HESAexternal link. In 2016/17, the most financially rewarding subjects upon graduating (irrespective of institution) were Dentistry, Medicine, Engineering, Economics, and Veterinary Medicine, the starting salary ranging from £31,340 to £28,277. If one takes a longer view, the top three courses producing the highest earners in the UKexternal link within five years of graduating were Economics at Cambridge, Business and Administration at Oxford, and Economics at St Andrews, with annual salaries averaging £63,230.

It is also worth mentioning that while economics and business courses might appear to be the most remunerative because they produce the highest individual earners, the subject with the highest average graduate earning after five years out of education was, in fact, medicine, with an average salary of £46,600.

If a foreign student makes it through the US H-1B lottery, and finds an employer, there is the potential for high earning. This visa goes to high-skilled workers, typically in the computer science and mathematics fields. According to dataexternal link from 2016, the median salary for a high-skilled H-1B worker was $80,000 (CHF80,049) per year. A similar U.S. worker had a median salary of just $75,036.

The road to a higher salary all depends on how competitive an applicant is. The median wage in 2016 for an H-1B worker at Microsoft was more than $126,000, and at Facebook $140,000. So, there’s the potential for high-earning, but there are many hurdles to overcome to get there.

This article is part of a seriesexternal link that compares the university system in the US, UK and Switzerland. Topics covered are based on questions sent in by swissinfo.ch readers.

Our correspondents
Tony Ganzer is an American journalist based in Cleveland, Ohio who lived and worked in Switzerland for many years. He will help examine the American university system for this series.

Geraldine Wong Sak Hoi, a Canadian journalist based in Switzerland, will report on the Swiss university system for this series. She is also involved in fact-checking projects for swissinfo.ch.

Leo Shearmur is a postgraduate student at the University of Oxford and has lived and studied in the UK and Switzerland. He will report on the British educational system of this series.

end of infobox

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“Expat, Amsterdam commented on the content at November 10, 2018 7:11 PM”.
Expat, Amsterdam Nov 10, 2018 7:11 PM
The awful truth is that CH is the single most unfriendly country towards it’s expat and foreign population-probably out of all of the developing countries of the Western World.
That discrimination faced on an everyday basis in German speaking parts is shocking as well as the Swiss medieval attitude towards women. Just take a peak at any Swiss village-it will have one or more dedicated places for prostitution.
It is a place in which critical thinking is suffocated and suppressed and any questioning of the “Swiss” way of doing things is looked upon as inferior or as an “invasion”. The obsession with doing work in the Swiss “proper” way of dealing with things is bordering an obsession. On top of that, xenophobia combined with materialism make the country an unbearable place to live both culturally and socially.

The dislike of the local population shifted from Eastern European citizens towards German citizens since their numbers increased in the recent years and they now seem to be blamed for many thing that happen in the country.

It is a country that enjoys all of the privileges of the single market but spits on it on any given occasion, both on individual and political levels which can be easily verified in the public speeches of Swiss politicians.
The best thing that could happen for Europe is that Switzerland follows the UK’s steps and follow it’s own small Brexit or the Swiss immigration initiative of 2014.
Europe would be better and Swiss overheated market would collapse in no time as the country would be removed from the host cutting the supply of workers (which are the main reason the Swiss economy was not contracting in previous years) and removing artificial barriers that are allowing Switzerland to manouvre trade deals in a non proportionate way.

When thinking about immigrating to a destination, do not make the same mistake as I made but investigate social and cultural aspects of a place and find out what the social norms are. If you want to see what true liberty means and feels, move to the Netherlands and you will get a chance to integrate and live your life as a proper citizen, not as a Primo, Secondo or Terzo (Swiss popular names for foreign naturalized citizens that live in CH as first, second or third generation).

Regards from Amsterdam

“Tru replied to the comment of Expat, Amsterdam at November 11, 2018 5:58 PM.”
Tru Nov 11, 2018 5:58 PM
Wow….sorry about your experience. But it is negligent to generalize the whole country as being unfriendly towards expats.
Every country has its not it’s own culture and you, as an expat, needs to adhere to it or just like you did….out!

I totally agree with you, same here but a little more suffering in the 5 years I passed in Switzerland, imagine your name is Islam, with an Arab background.. not forgetting that your not neither Swiss nor EU!! what a shame. Of course I found many opportunities to work (I am a graduate from a Swiss university with a master degree) but always rejected as I am not Swiss/EU. Never given a chance!! never had a Swiss friend – not a class mate – in my class. A horrible experience and I truly regret all those years.

 

 

 

 

The schemes that are most significant for students who have finished their studies include the following.

Tier 1 (Graduate Entrepreneur) Aimed at recent graduates and postdoctoral researchers who have Tier 2 immigration permission, who have “genuine and credible business ideas and entrepreneurial skills” and whose UK college or university is prepared to endorse them under this scheme to help them develop these ideas.

Tier 1 (Entrepreneur)This requires the student to invest in a business in the UK. The student doesn’t need a sponsor or an endorsing body.

Tier 2The main route if the student would like to take up employment. The lowest wage for this scheme is £20,800, but this depends on the job and the wage can be higher. In most cases, employers are not required to show that they advertised the job and that no one else could do it (resident labour market test) before they can offer it to the student.

Tier 5 (Temporary Worker)These schemes allow students to undertake specific types of work in the UK for a period of one or two years, depending on the scheme. They must have a Tier 5 sponsor under the scheme of relevance to the student. The student’s Tier 5 sponsor must issue a certificate of sponsorship to them before they can make their immigration application.

Tier 4 Doctorate Extension SchemeThis allows a new PhD graduate to spend one year in the UK after their studies to undertake employment or self-employment. The student must apply before they finish their doctorate.

After students get a Bachelor Degree, the UK government provides the opportunity to work full time for two years, this is referred to as Post-Study Workers. This opportunity is a golden opportunity to gain work experience and networking before they return to Indonesia.

 

OPPORTUNITIES TO WORK

The UK is very understanding of its students, even those from abroad, need to fulfill their needs while completing their education. The UK allows international students to work part time for 20 hours / week during the study period and work & full time; during the holiday period.

Part-time employment opportunities

If you enter the UK on a Tier 4 student visa, you may be able to work a certain number of hours per week during term time and in the holiday/vacation period. If you go to the UK on a student visitor visa, child visitor visa, or prospective student visa, you will not be eligible to work in the UK.

 

After graduation

Many international students want to stay in the UK after they graduate and put the skills they have learnt into practice. Students may be able to extend their stay if they meet the requirements for the schemes that the UK Government operates.

The schemes that are most significant for students who have finished their studies include the following.

Tier 1 (Graduate Entrepreneur) Aimed at recent graduates and postdoctoral researchers who have Tier 2 immigration permission, who have “genuine and credible business ideas and entrepreneurial skills” and whose UK college or university is prepared to endorse them under this scheme to help them develop these ideas.

Tier 1 (Entrepreneur)This requires the student to invest in a business in the UK. The student doesn’t need a sponsor or an endorsing body.

Tier 2The main route if the student would like to take up employment. The lowest wage for this scheme is £20,800, but this depends on the job and the wage can be higher. In most cases, employers are not required to show that they advertised the job and that no one else could do it (resident labour market test) before they can offer it to the student.

Tier 5 (Temporary Worker)These schemes allow students to undertake specific types of work in the UK for a period of one or two years, depending on the scheme. They must have a Tier 5 sponsor under the scheme of relevance to the student. The student’s Tier 5 sponsor must issue a certificate of sponsorship to them before they can make their immigration application.

Tier 4 Doctorate Extension SchemeThis allows a new PhD graduate to spend one year in the UK after their studies to undertake employment or self-employment. The student must apply before they finish their doctorate.

 

Students who study in the UK for more than 6 months will get permission to find part time jobs for a maximum of 20 hours per week during the study period and can work full time during the holiday period for bachelor or master’s level.
Salaries earned during part-time work are around GBP 6 per hour, for night shifts (night shift) will get more than GBP 8 per hour.